Research on anthropometric characteristics of sports persons in Zimbabwe is slowly gathering momentum. This study aimed to determine the body composition parameters and assess the somatotype of elite collegiate karatekas in Zimbabwe. Methods: Seventeen subjects (11 male, 22.22 ± 1.04 years, and 6 female, 21.98 ± 1.92years), were evaluated at an inter-tertiary tournament. Anthropometric variables were measured using the protocols of the International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK). Eight skinfolds (triceps, subscapular, biceps, suprailiac, supraspinale, abdominal, thigh and calf), four girths (arm [flexed-tensed], waist minimum, gluteal [hips] and the calf) and two breadths (femur and humerus) were measured. Body Mass Index (BMI), Waist-to-Hip Ratio (WHR), percentage body fat (%BF), fat mass (FM) and fat-free mass (FFM) were calculated as body composition variables. The Heath-Carter method was used to assess somatotypes. Results: Males presented mean body mass (64.76±7.92 kg), stretch stature (174.03±8.67 cm), %BF (10.92±3.66), BMI (21.36± 1.71), FM (7.17±2.84 kg),FFM (57.60±6.56 kg), WHR (0.83±0.38), Sum of 8 skinfolds (59.96 ± 20.61mm), sum of 4 girths (222.53±10.85cm). Females had mean body mass (56.52±5.65 kg), stretch stature (159.10±4.71cm), %BF(19.92±2.57), BMI (22.35±2.30), FM (11.34±2.35kg), FFM (45.18±3.72kg), WHR (0.69±0.03), Sum of 8 skinfolds (132.08±17.29mm), sum of 4 girths (222.13±12.50cm).The mean group somatotype was 2.8-4.4-2.7 (balanced mesomorph). Males were 1.9-4.5-3.2 (ectomorphic mesomorph) and females 4.5-4.2-1.9 (mesomorphic endomorph). Discussions: The karatekas were lighter, shorter and with a lower %BF. Coaches and athletes are encouraged to complement training with optimal nutrition. Future studies could examine body composition and somatotype by competition category.
MLALAZI Tholumusa Favoured, NDLOVU Sipho Hobane, Gochera Simbarashe.
Department of Sports Science and Coaching, National University of Science and Technology, Zimbabwe.
Buckinghamshire University Technical College
“Tholu” is a teacher and Core-Interventionist at Buckinghamshire University Technical College (UK). He is a Future Leader Volunteer (FLV) for The Foundation for Global Community Health (GCH) and founder of an outdoor Walking-based Community initiative for Bulawayo in Zimbabwe. An upcoming researcher committed to the resolution of the United Nations Sustainability Development Goals, he has shared some of his works at The First World Congress of Future Leader Volunteers (WCFLV) – South Africa, 2019; The Inaugural BRICS Council for Exercise and Sports Science (BRICSSESS 2017), Brazil, The 4th Global Forum for Physical Education Pedagogy GoFPEP 2016, Turkey, The International Conference on Physical Education & Sports Science ICPESS 2015 Indonesia. He is part of the Active Healthy Kids Zimbabwe Working Group that produced the 2016 and 2018 Zimbabwe Report Card on Physical Activity. His research interests lie in Injury Management through graded exercise, kinanthropometry, and contemporary issues in Physical Education. After graduating with a Licentiate in Physical Education and Sports; Post Graduate Certificates in Biological Fundamentals of Health Promotion in Physical Education and Sports and Therapeutic Massage from Escuela Internacional de Educación Física Y Deportes (EIEFD la Habana, Cuba), he has been consolidating his experiences for community benefits. A practicing ISAK Certified Full-Profile Technician, he delights in testing the physical-physiologic characteristics of exercising individuals. Improving the quality of life of the Global community especially children is on his priority list as member of the Global Community Health (GHC). He is also a member of the Seventh Day Adventist Church.