Sedentary lifestyle among Spanish older adults over 65 years old using an objective and subjective instruments

During the last decades, sedentary behaviour (SB) has become a risk for public health. Scientific evidence show that sitting or lying for prolonged periods have been negatively associated with people’s health status (De Rezende, Rey-López, Matsudo, & Luiz, 2014; Kim & Lee, 2019). For each hour per day spent sitting, there is an increase of 3% in the risk of all cause-mortality (Pavey, Peeters, & Brown, 2015). Other associations with non-communicable disease have been also found, as cardiovascular diseases and cancer (especially with breast, colon, colorectal, endometrial and epithelial ovarian cancer) (Biswas et al., 2015). Older adults (>65 years old) are the segment of the population that reports higher SB levels, spending more than 60% of their awake hours sitting (Wullems, Verschueren, Degens, Morse, & Onambélé, 2016). Shiroma, Freedson, Trost, and Lee showed that as adults get older, total sedentary time increases approximately 5% each year.
Our main aim is to describe SB among community dwelling Spanish older adults using an objective and subjective instrument. Secondary aims include: (1) to compare sitting hours between week and weekend days, and (2) to describe the most common sitting activities during awake hours.
A convenience sample (n=60) of older adults over 65 years old will be assessed using the Sedentary Behaviour Questionnaire (SBQ) and an ActivPAL accelerometer (goal standard for SB) during 8hours/day at least 3 week days and 1 weekend day. 
Results will be presented as follows: (1) the total sedentary time; (2) the categories of total weekday, and total weekend sedentary time; and (3) the total of each of the 11 sedentary behaviours of the SBQ. Association between SB and other variables such as gender, age, BMI, marital status, education level will be assessed.
Supervisor: Dra. Myriam Guerra-Balic.



PhD Student. Faculty of Psychology, Education and Sport Sciences Blanquerna. Universitat Ramon Llull. Barcelona. Spain
Research Group on Health, Physical Activity and Sport
Future Leader Volunteer (FLV) of The Global Community Health Foundation




Oriol Sansano-Nadal is a PhD student at FPCEE-Blanquerna (Ramon Llull University). Degree on Physical Activity and Sport at the same institution. Master’s Degree on Physical Activity and Health (research branch) at the National Physical Education Institute of Catalonia (INEFC). Nowadays he is working on the SITLESS Project, which is a RCT with an intervention of physical activity program and group sessions of self-management strategies to reduce sedentary behavior and increase the physical activity levels of elderly people in primary health care settings of Barcelona. He is also leadering a Brain Breaks intervention in school children.